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Sexually Transmitted Disease

Just the Facts

The number of people infected with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) continues to be a serious problem in our society. Each year in the United States 15 million new people are infected with curable STDs and 340 million are infected worldwide. Many of these STDs can be contracted even with the use of a latex condom, so there is really no such thing as safe sex if your partner is infected. Many types of sexual activities can lead to STDs.

The following pages will educate you about some of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in North America. Each disease is listed with symptoms, risk factors, risks to pregnancy, and prevention information. You will also find information about prevalence and reproductive health. You can also download the Epigee STD overview page, a downloadable pdf fact sheet for students, with information about all STDs discussed.

Partial listing of sexually transmitted diseases and consequences

R E P R O D U C T I V E   T R A C T   I N F E C T I O N S
Most Common STDs Less Common STDs Other Genital Infections
Chlamydia Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Molluscum Contagiosum Candidiasis / Yeast
Gonorrhea Genital Warts (HPV) Chancroid Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Trichomoniasis Hepatitis B Granuloma Inguinale Bacterial Vaginosis
HIV/AIDS Herpes Lymphogranloma Venereum Nongonococcal Urethritis
Syphilis Pubic Lice Hepatitis A Mucopurulent Cervicitis
* STD information courtesy of

Related Links

Sexually transmitted disease can lead to a number of serious problems, listed below with related links:
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
  • Ectopic Pregnancy
  • Cervical Cancer
  • Infertility
  • Miscarriage
  • Serious Infection to Newborn Infants
  • Increased Risk for HIV/AIDS
  • Chronic Pain
  • Death
  • Source: W Cates, "Reproductive Tract Infections," In Hatcher et al, Contraceptive Technology, Ardent Media, 2005.

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